The Black Rock Desert

The Black Rock Desert is part of the Black Rock Desert/High Rock Canyon/Emigrant Trails National Conservation Area (NCA), which encompasses about 1.2 million acres of protected land, including the 11 designated wilderness areas which sur.round the NCA. The playa, the vast expanse in which Burning Man is situated, is just one small part of the NCA. The Black Rock playa is about 32 miles long, stretching from Gerlach to the Black Rock. Because Black Rock City has grown tremendously in size since the inception of Burning Man, it can be challenging to see past the City into the Desert. Rangers have traditionally been caretakers of the land in addition to the people who inhabit it. Knowing your way around the desert can be a real asset even in the middle of the City.

General Orientation

The playa has a few entrance roads from Hwy 34, interestingly all of which are marked and named for their distance from Bruno’s! There is a 3-mile entrance which is closed to burner traffic during the event. Gate Road comes off of the 8 mile entrance to the playa. The 12 mile entrance (coming off of 7:30 and accessed from inside the city through Point 1) is used by vendors, law enforcement, and the DPW for City access. Rangers vehicles with a logo can also use this road if needed. All other traffic through Point 1 requires a credential/wristband.

Black Rock City’s 12:00 generally points northeast. Facing north, the mountain range to your right (east) is the Jackson Range. On the playa itself, there is a “desert highway” that runs north-south along the east side called the East Track. This is one of the playa highways used in the dry months for getting around the desert. Great care should be taken when traveling on, and looking for, the East Track. Due to water run off conditions, the Jackson Range side of the Playa is usually the softest and easiest to get vehicles stuck in. Next to the East Track are railroad tracks. The East Track runs nearly parallel to the railroad in this part of the desert.

On the other side of the railroad is the legendary Jungo Road. Though it would seem that it would be a good idea to head towards the railroad tracks and Jungo Road if you are lost on the Playa, that is most often not the case, as you are more likely to get your vehicle stuck in soft playa, and if you are going to Gerlach or Empire, it is definitely the long way around. Heading towards the Granites (see below) is a better course of action, as the Playa generally is firmer on that side. Further, Jungo Road can be surprisingly dangerous if not driven with care; it is winding, bumpy, and tire-popping, and there have been many fatal accidents there.

The Granites

The range to your left (west) is the Granites, and the road running along that side of the playa is called the West Track. Take your time when traveling onto the Playa as you cross the West Track. It is an old wagon trail that the pioneers used and is a very historically significant rut.

The tallest peak in the area is located at the southern (Gerlach) end of the Granites and is called Granite Peak, with an elevation over 9000 feet. Granite Peak cannot be seen from the town of Gerlach because of other smaller mountains in the way. There is another smaller mountain range that is north-by-northwest from the playa called the Calicos, named for its incredible swirled colors of orange, yellow, white, gold, etc.

Old Razorback

When looking at the Jackson Mountains (east), there is one mountain that stands out in the foreground. It comes to an even peak and is not attached to the rest of the range. This is Old Razorback, an excellent landmark indicating the 3:00 side of the City. At the base of Old Razorback, look for dark trees; they indicate the location of Frog Pond, one of the local hot springs. The north end of Old Razorback’s base is where Trego (another hot spring) is located.

The Black Rock

The namesake of the Black Rock Desert is actually one of the smaller landmarks in it. Look north, way out past the outer playa and you’ll see a range of mountains. In the foreground, there is a shorter, smaller, darker mountain,. This is the Black Rock, a volcanic hill on the edge of the playa and home to Black Rock Hot Spring, a popular stopping point for emigrants headed west on Emigrant Trail during the late 19th century. In fact, next to the hotsprings lie the remains of an old sheepherder’s wagon from times past.

Cassidy Mine / Rendezvous Point

About 3.2 miles north of the 12 Mile entrance and a little further up the west coast from Dog Camp there is a large cove with a dirt road on the north-western edge that exits the playa and leads up the hill, twisting about a half mile to an old mining claim called “Cassidy Mine.” This road connects to Soldier Meadows Rd, and is one of the few designated routes that leads directly off of the playa and up into the hills. Due to its prime location and the lessons learned from unexpected weather events in previous years, the Rangers began using this as an alternative camp site to Dog Camp, and since 2011 the 4th of July Ranger Training has been hosted at this location.

Dog Camp

About a mile north of the 12 mile entrance (on the west side of the playa) is a popular camping area called Dog Camp. Rangers have traditionally used this site for camping, specifically for the 4th of July Ranger Training. Dog Camp is easily identifiable by the striped hillside behind it. The stripes (three major stripes are easily visible) run horizontally and appear purple in color.


Further north than Dog Camp also along the west side of the playa is a free-standing hill called Steamboat Mountain, named for its resemblance to an old steam-powered riverboat. It sits alongside Soldier Meadows Rd. in a saddle between the Black Rock playa and the Hualapai flat. There is a large hump at one end, followed by a long, flat top that then angles down. Steamboat looks different depending on where you are on the playa, and its apparent shape from any particular vantage point can be helpful in determining location and orientation on the playa.